Download the full text: Canfield_2020_Beyond language Impacts of shared reading on parenting stress and early parent-child relational health
study descriptionCross-lagged longitudinal design within a larger randomized controlled trial (RCT).
core topic(s)Early Relational Health , Shared Reading
Population CharacteristicsPoverty/Low-Income , Pregnancy/Postpartum
Exposures, Outcomes, OtherClinic-Based Programs and Interventions , Mental Health , Parent Behaviors and Skills , Parent-Child Relationships/Interactions , Positive Parenting , Programs and Interventions (other) , Smart Beginnings
metric(s)StimQ Cognitive Home Environment Questionnaire (StimQ)
Parenting Stress Index (PSI)
Parent Infant/Child Interaction Rating Scales (PIIRS/PCIRS)
objectivesTo extend findings from previous studies of collateral effects that have been conducted in parenting interventions, we examined parenting behaviors in a broader context to determine whether shared book reading would confer collateral benefits to the parent and parent-child relationship beyond those expected (i.e., language and literacy).
exposureSmart Beginnings RCT (positive parent interactions).
outcomes evaluatedParent outcomes: shared book reading, parental stress, parental warmth.
settingMothers/infants recruited from postpartum units in large urban hospitals in NYC and Pittsburgh to participate in Smart Beginnings RCT.
methodsIt was hypothesized that positive parent–child interactions, such as shared reading, would have positive impacts on parent outcomes such as parenting stress, parental warmth, and sensitivity. The sample consisted of 293 low-income mothers and their children who participated in a randomized controlled trial. Shared book reading, parenting stress, and parental warmth were assessed when children were 6 and 18 months old. We computed a series of cross-lagged structural equation models to examine longitudinal interrelations among these three factors.
sample sizen=293 (mothers and their children)
Measure of Shared Book Reading: READ subscale of StimQ Cognitive Home Environment, including assessment of caregiver cognitive stimulation via Parent Verbal Responsivity (PVR), Parental Involvement in Developmental Advance (PIDA), Availability of Learning Materials (ALM), Reading Activities (READ).
Measure of Early Relational Health:
- Parental Warmth using the Supporting and Enjoying subscale of Parenting your Baby questionnaire.
- Parental Sensitivity using the Parent Child Interaction Rating Scales-Infant Adaptation (PCIRS-IA).
- Parenting Stress using the Parent Child Dysfunctional Interaction subscale of the short form Parenting Stress Index (PSI).