Download the full text: Siqveland_2022_Dyadic parent-infant interaction patterns at 12 months-exploring dyadic parent-infant gender compositions
study descriptionCommunity-based prospective cohort study.
core topic(s)Early Relational Health
Population CharacteristicsInternational , Pregnancy/Postpartum , Toddler/Preschool
Exposures, Outcomes, OtherChild Development (general) , Community , Parent-Child Relationships/Interactions , Play , Validity, Reliability, Feasibility, and Acceptability
metric(s)Early Relational Health Screen (ERHS)
objectivesThe present study aimed to investigate dyadic mother–infant and father–infant interaction patterns in a large low risk community sample from Norway. Consistent with a dyadic construct, dyadic interaction in parent–infant pairs with different parent–gender compositions were also examined.
exposureSemi-Structured infant-caregiver play.
outcomes evaluatedParent-infant interaction patterns.
settingAll pregnant women who attended routine care during pregnancy at nine well-baby clinics were asked to participate, including their partners. These clinics were selected to ensure geographical diversity and representation of all health regions in Norway.
methodsData were drawn from a large-scale, population-based Norwegian community sample comprising 671 mother-infant and 337 father-infant interactions. The Early Relational Health Screen (ERHS), a screening method for observing dyadic parent-infant interactions, was used to assess the parent-infant interactions. Scores on the ERHS were employed to investigate dyadic differences in the overall interaction scores, and dyadic interaction on seven sub-dimensions between mother-infant and father-infant pairs. The relation between different parent-infant gender compositions and the dyadic interaction scores was also examined.
sample sizen=1007 (total infant/parent dyads); n=671 (mother dyads); n=337 (father dyads)
Measure of Parent-Infant Interactions: Early Relational Health Screen (ERHS) used to assess the following sub dimensions: engagement, enjoyment, responsiveness, pacing, attention, imitation, initiation.
Measure of Inter-Rater Reliability: A team of five trained and supervised coders scored the taped parent–infant interactions at child age 12 months. The team consisted of students and was trained part-time together as a group. After completing training, they were required to pass a test consisting of seven tapes of parent– infant interactions coded by experts, to achieve satisfactory scores before coding the data material.