Download the full text: Monterio_2019_How many parents are reading with their young infants in Rhode Island
study descriptionAnalysis of PRAMS (Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System) data.
core topic(s)Shared Reading
Population CharacteristicsInfant/Newborn , Pregnancy/Postpartum
Exposures, Outcomes, OtherDisparity/Adversity , Mental Health , Reading Frequency
objectivesThe purpose of this study is to describe the prevalence of and disparities in shared-reading experiences of parents and infants 2 to 6 months old in Rhode Island. In addition, it describes the prevalence of risk behaviors and outcomes by early onset of shared reading in infants.
outcomes evaluatedShared reading, disparities, and outcomes.
methodsAggregate data from the 2016–2018 Rhode Island Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (RI PRAMS: an ongoing state-based surveillance system of maternal behaviors, attitudes, and experiences before/during/after pregnancy) was analyzed. In the 2016–2018 RI PRAMS, 5,761 mothers were sampled from a total of 29,905 mothers who had a live infant during the period. Of those who were sampled, 3,350 mothers responded to the survey (3-year combined weighted response rate was 59.0%), which was analyzed for this study (see measures)...All data analyses were performed using SAS© software 9.4.
sample sizen=3350 (responses)
Measure of Shared Reading Prevalence: assessed via responses “yes” or “no” responses to the question: “Are you or any other family member currently reading or looking at books with your baby?”
Measure of Reading Frequency: among those who read to their infants, reading frequency in the past week was assessed via the following responses “Did not read to the baby this week”, “1–3 days this week”, “4–7 days this week” to the question: “During the past week, how many days did you or other family members read or look at books with your baby?”
Measures of Disparities: maternal demographic characteristics, age, race/ethnicity, education, marital status, annual household income, insurance coverage postpartum, WIC participation, maternal disability, infant gender, infant age, birth weight, birth parity, survey language and core city residency.
Measures of Maternal Health Indicators, Risk Behaviors, and Birth Outcomes: pregnancy intention, prenatal care in the first trimester, infant safe sleep, postpartum depression, breastfeeding, postpartum checkup, cigarette use during pregnancy, social support postpartum, baby crying/ fussiness and number of children’s book in the home, birth weight, and preterm birth.