Download the full text: Mendelsohn_2018_Reading Aloud, Play, and Social-Emotional Development
study descriptionFactorial, single-blind, randomized controlled trial.
core topic(s)Shared Reading
Population CharacteristicsPoverty/Low-Income , Urban
Exposures, Outcomes, OtherBuilding Blocks , Child Development (general) , Clinic-Based Programs and Interventions , Parent Behaviors and Skills , Parent Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs , Positive Parenting , Programs and Interventions (other) , Social-Emotional , Video Interaction Project
objectivesTo determine impacts on social-emotional development at school entry of a pediatric primary care intervention (Video Interaction Project [VIP]) promoting positive parenting through reading aloud and play, delivered in 2 phases: infant through toddler (VIP birth to 3 years [VIP 0–3]) and preschool-age (VIP 3 to 5 years [VIP 3–5]).
exposureVideo Interaction Project (VIP).
outcomes evaluatedSocial-emotional development.
settingAn Urban public hospital serving low-income families (Bellevue Hospital Center ([BHC]).
methodsFactorial randomized controlled trial with postpartum enrollment and random assignment to VIP 0-3, control 0 to 3 years, and a third group without school entry follow-up (Building Blocks) and 3-year second random assignment of VIP 0-3 and control 0 to 3 years to VIP 3-5 or control 3 to 5 years. In the VIP, a bilingual facilitator video recorded the parent and child reading and/or playing using provided learning materials and reviewed videos to reinforce positive interactions. Social-emotional development at 4.5 years was assessed by parent-report Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition (Social Skills, Attention Problems, Hyperactivity, Aggression, Externalizing Problems).
sample sizen=275 (families; aim 1); n=252 families; aims 2 and 3)
Measure of Sociodemographic Characteristics:
- SES status using Hollingshead 4 factor Index
- Social Risk Factors: (homelessness, being a victim of violence, involvement with child protection, financial difficulties, food insecurity, smoking or alcohol use during pregnancy, or previous mental illness
- Maternal literacy: assessed at 6 months in the mother’s preferred language by using the Woodcock-Johnson III and/or the Woodcock and M uñoz-Sandoval Batería III Tests of Achievement, Letter-Word Identification Test
Measure of Social Emotional Development: parent reports using 4 subscales (Social Skills, Attention Problems, Hyperactivity, and Aggression) from the Parent Rating Scales of the Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition (BASC-2) and an Externalizing Problems composite (Hyperactivity and Aggression).