Early Literacy Research Library (ELRL) - Metric

Parent Reading Belief Inventory (PRBI)


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Download the full text(s): PRBI

evaluation focus

Parent Reading Beliefs

applicable ages

early childhood

available language(s)



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The Parent Reading Belief Inventory (PRBI) is an instrument that can be used to assess parental beliefs about early childhood reading and literacy activities, including frequency, quality, and importance of these activities.


7 Subscales Assessed:

    • Positive affect
    • Verbal participation
    • Resources
    • Teaching efficacy
    • Knowledge base
    • Environmental input
    • Reading instruction

Administration Format: self-report questionnaire completed by caregiver


Reliability (DeBaryshe 1994):

    • Internal Consistency: acceptable (alphas ranged from 0.50-0.85 across scales)
    • Test-Retest: acceptable after short term delay (0.79)

Validity (DeBaryshe 1994):

    • Controlling for parental education and income, scores remained significantly correlated
        • 36 for parents’ book-reading habits
        • 40 for children’s interest in books
        • 30 for children’s exposure to joint book-reading activities
    • Significant partial correlations for scores with the frequency of parental questions (0.65) and responsiveness to children’s speech (0.41) observed during book reading sessions.

Source: https://annenberg.brown.edu/instruments/parent-reading-belief-inventory-prbi

supporting literature

DeBaryshe, B.D., Binder, J.C. (1994) Development of an Instrument for Measuring Parental Beliefs about Reading Aloud to Young Children. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 78(3), 1303–1311.
PDF: PRBI – 1 – Debaryshe 1994
Link: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.2466/pms.1994.78.3c.1303

Gonzalez, J.E., Taylor, A.B., Davis, M.J., Kim, M. (2013) Exploring the Underlying Factor Structure of the Parent Reading Belief Inventory (PRBI): Some Caveats. Early Education and Development, 24(2), 123–137.
PDF: PRBI – 2 – Gonzalez 2013
Link: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10409289.2011.623651

Saban, A.I., Altinkamis, N.F., Gul, E.D. (2018) Investigation of Parents’ Early Literacy Beliefs in the Context of Turkey through the Parent Reading Belief Inventory (PRBI). European Journal of Educational Research, 7(4),985–997.
PDF: PRBI – 3 – Saban 2018
Link: https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1195937