evaluation focusParent-Child System Stress
applicable ages1-144 months; 0-12 years
available language(s)English, Spanish, and 10+ Others (Spanish (Spain), Spanish (Puerto Rico), Chinese (Mandarin), Portuguese, Korean, Japanese, Italian, Hebrew, Dutch, French, French (Canadian))
availabilityMust be purchased
The Parenting Stress Index (PSI) is a screening and diagnostic assessment tool that can be used to measure stress in the parent-child system. The tool was developed Richard Abidin in 1976 and has since been revised to a short form. The instrument may aid in the identification of and interventional response to children with behavioral and emotional problems, as well as potentially dysfunctional parent and family characteristics.
6 Child Domain Subscales:
- Reinforces Parents
7 Parent Subscales:
- Role Restriction
- Parent Domain Score
- Child Domain Score
- Total Stress factors score
Administration Format: self-report by parent interview, training required for interpretation
Administration Time: ~20 minutes (long form, 120 items); ~10 minutes (short form, 36 items)
- Internal Consistency:
- Child Domain Subscales: 0 .70 – 0.83 z
- Parent Domain Subscales: 0.70 – 0.84
- Total Stress: greater than 0.90
- Test-Retest: coefficients after a range of 3 week to 1 year delay
- Child Domain: 0.55 – 0.82
- Parent Domain: 0.69 – 0.91
- Total Stress: 0.65 – 0.96
- Internal Consistency:
Validity: multiple studies support construct and predictive validity across children with developmental delays, behavioral disorders, chronic illness, and across a variety of language, culture, and socioeconomic backgrounds. Research also indicates that long and short forms have correlations of 0.87 – 0.94 across their major domains.
supporting literatureAbidin, R.R. (1995) Parenting Stress Index, Professional Manual, 3rd Edition. Psychological Assessment Resources, Print.
Parenting Stress Index, Full-Length Version. The National Child Traumatic Stress Network.
PDF: PSI – 2 – Full Length Version Summary
Reitman, D., Currier, R.O., Stickle, T.R. (2002) A Critical Evaluation of the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF) in a Head Start Population. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. 31(3), 384-392.
PDF: PSI – 3 – Reitman 2002
referenced articlesLinks between Shared Reading and Play, Parent Psychosocial Functioning, and Child Behavior: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial
Beyond Language: Impacts of Shared Reading on Parenting Stress and Early Parent–Child Relational Health