Download the full text: Hutton_2020_A novel, composite measure of screen-based media use in young children (ScreenQ) and associations with parenting practices and cognitive abilities
study descriptionPsychometric assessment.
core topic(s)Early Literacy
Exposures, Outcomes, OtherChild Behaviors and Skills , Home Language/Literacy/Learning Environment , Implementation and Evaluation , Parent Behaviors and Skills , Parent Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs , Screening and Tools , Technology and Digital/Screen-Based Media , Validity, Reliability, Feasibility, and Acceptability
metric(s)Expressive Vocabulary Test (EVT)
Comprehensive Test of Phonological Processing (CTOPP)
Get Ready to Read! (GRTR)
StimQ Cognitive Home Environment Questionnaire (StimQ)
ScreenQ Measure of Screen-Based Media Use (ScreenQ)
objectivesThe aim of this study was to test the ScreenQ, a composite measure of screen-based media use.
outcomes evaluatedScreen based media use and psychometric properties of the ScreenQ.
settingA large children’s medical center and local pediatric primary care clinics.
methodsScreenQ is a 15-item parent report measure reflecting AAP recommendations. Range is 0–26, higher scores reflecting greater non-adherence. With no “gold standard” available, four validated measures of skills and parenting practices cited as influenced by overuse were applied as the external criteria, including expressive language, speed of processing, emergent literacy, and cognitive stimulation at home. Psychometric analyses involved Rasch methods and Spearman’s ρ correlations.
sample sizen=69 (families)
ScreenQ Measure: derived from aspects of media use cited in current AAP recommendations:
- access to screens
- frequency of use
- media content
- caregiver–child coviewing
Reference Measures: Four criterion-referenced standards of child cognitive abilities and parenting practices were utilized, which were selected on the basis of cited associations with screen-based media use in children:
- EVT-2 (Pearson) is a norm-referenced assessment of expressive vocabulary for children of age 2.5 years and older.
- CTOPP-2 (Pearson; Rapid Object Naming subtest) is a comprehensive, norm-referenced instrument designed to assess phonological processing abilities as prerequisites to reading fluency in children.
- GRTR is a norm-referenced assessment of core emergent literacy skills for children 3–6 years of age, predictive of reading outcomes.
- StimQ-P is a validated measure of cognitive stimulation in the home for children 3 to 6 years old, and consists of four subscales involving mostly “yes/no” questions: (1) availability of learning materials, (2) reading, (3) parental involvement in developmental advance, and (4) parental verbal responsivity.